This local board area encompasses Great Barrier Island (Aotea), the largest
island off the North Island.
Great Barrier Island is located north of the Coromandel Peninsula, some 90km
from downtown Auckland.
Great Barrier Island is rugged and beautiful, and sparsely populated. Summer
time sees an influx of visitors, with the island offering several options for
More than 60 per cent of Great Barrier Island is public land, administered by
the Department of Conservation.
The local board area also includes Little Barrier Island (Hauturu), which is
one of New Zealand’s largest offshore island reserves. It is home to the biggest
number of endangered birds on any island in the country and more than 400
species of native plants.
Between the 2006 and 2013 censuses, the population increased by 5 per cent,
which is less than the regional growth rate of 8 per cent during that time.
In 2013, the age structure of the population had a higher proportion of
residents aged 65 years and over than the regional structure. The median age was
53.9 years – the oldest in the region.
Only 17 per cent of residents were born overseas. Among the overseas born,
the largest group was born in the United Kingdom.
In 2013, there were 462 households in the Great Barrier Local Board area. The
median household income was $30,100 – considerably lower than the regional
median at $76,500 and the lowest across all local board areas.
In 2013, 70 per cent of households owned the dwelling they lived in (this
includes 14% who owned it in a family trust), compared with 61 per cent
Almost half (44%) of households were one person households, this is a high
proportion when compared with the regional average of 19 per cent. Only 13 per
cent of households were couples with children, and a further 8 per cent were
sole parents with children.
Education and employment
Local residents reported generally lower levels of formal education, when
compared with other local board areas. In 2013, a quarter (25%) of all residents
aged 15 years and over had no formal educational qualification, compared with 17
per cent regionally, and 15 per cent had gained a bachelor’s degree or higher,
compared to 25 per cent regionally.
More than a third (34%) of residents aged 15 years and over were employed
full-time and a further 19 per cent part-time. Of those employed, 49 per cent
were paid employees, and almost a third (31%) were self-employed. Both the
Waiheke Local Board area and the Great Barrier Local Board area had relatively
large proportions of self-employed people.
Around 40 per cent of those employed were managers or professionals, while 6
per cent were machinery operators and drivers and 18 per cent were
Business in the local board
As at February 2015, there were 260 employees on Great Barrier.Most were
employed in accommodation and food services, education or retail trade.
The largest numbers of local businesses were in the accommodation and food
services sector, followed by the construction sector.
During the period from 2010 to 2015, employment on Great Barrier increased by
9 per cent, compared to 13 per cent growth across the region.
The small scale of the Great Barrier Local Board area economy means that
sector-level changes over time such as those described for other local boards
are not available.
Top five employment sectors (2015)
All data presented here is from the 2013
Census of Population and Dwellings, unless stated otherwise. The census allows
respondents to identify with more than one ethnic group, hence the ethnicity
percentages may sum to more than 100. ‘Business in the local board’ data is from
Statistics New Zealand’s Business Demographic data. School data is provided by
Auckland Council, using Ministry of Education information. A school’s decile
rating indicates the extent to which it draws its students from lower
socio-economic communities. Decile 1 schools are the 10 per cent of schools with
the highest proportion of such students and decile 10 schools are the 10 per
cent of schools with the lowest proportion.