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Auckland Council The Auckland Plan

Development Strategy progress

This is the first monitoring report on the Auckland Plan 2050 Development Strategy. This report monitors building consents issued for residential dwellings across Auckland, as well as business floor space and covers the period 1 July 2018 to 30 June 2019.

As this is the first monitoring report, and the Development Strategy covers a 30-year timeframe, it is too early to definitively indicate if we are achieving our quality compact approach to growth and development.

The Development Strategy sets out how Auckland will grow and change over the next 30 years to become a place that Aucklanders love and are proud of. Auckland has taken a quality compact approach to growth and development. This approach means future development will be focused in the existing urban area and in future urban areas within Auckland’s urban footprint. Expansion into rural areas will be limited.

Much of growth in the existing urban area will be focused within Nodes and Development Areas.
The existing urban area is the area of Auckland with live urban zoning at 2017, including the rural towns (and excluding live zoned future urban areas).

Nodes are major growth areas critical to accommodating development across Auckland. These areas are based around a significant centre and service large catchments. They encompass surrounding employment and high-density residential areas.

Development Areas are urban areas where significant growth is expected in jobs and housing over the next 30 years. These areas were identified based on factors such as ability to accommodate growth and committed projects. Planning and investment will be targeted when growth at scale occurs.
The Remaining existing urban area includes the rest of the existing urban area not included in a Node or Development Area.

Auckland is changing: we’re now moving up instead of just out: The number and location of dwelling consents issued in 2018/2019 broadly follows the implementation of the quality compact approach, and the multi-nodal model, in the Development Strategy.

The desire for a quality, compact future Auckland is becoming reality as illustrated by the record dwelling consents for more intensive housing including apartments, townhouses, flats and units.

Some key findings from this monitoring report are:

  • 66,839 dwellings were consented in Auckland between 2012/2013 and 2018/2019
  • 14,032 new dwellings were consented in 2018/2019. 
    - 83 per cent were issued in the existing urban area 
    - 8 per cent were issued in Nodes in the 2018/2019 financial year (some Nodes include areas outside the existing urban area)
  • 30 per cent were issued in Development Areas
  • 46 per cent were issued in the remaining existing urban area
    - 10 per cent were issued in the future urban area
    - 7 per cent were issued in the rural area
    • The number of consents issued for apartments and townhouses etc. are increasing at a faster rate than consents for standalone houses.
    - Around 76 per cent of consents issued in Nodes, and 68 per cent in Development Areas, were for apartments or townhouses etc.
    • Over 70 per cent of Code of Compliance Certificates were issued for dwellings in the existing urban area. This means dwellings were ready to be occupied.
    • Nearly 900,000 square metres (sqm) of business floor space was consented in 2018/2019.
    - Business floor space consented in heavy industry, light industry and the City Centre zones made up 58 per cent of all floor space consented
    - Business floor space consented in the City Centre and Manukau Nodes made up 84 per cent of all floor space consented in Nodes.

As this is the first monitoring report for the 30-year strategy, future monitoring and reporting will provide a more comprehensive understanding of ongoing trends and successful implementation of the Development Strategy.

Consented dwellings

The Development Strategy anticipates that up to 320,000 additional residential dwellings could be required over the next 30 years.

This equates to over 10,000 dwellings a year. Dwelling consents represent an intention to build, not a completed dwelling.

In the first year of implementing the Development Strategy, 14,032 new residential dwellings were consented in Auckland.

This is almost 1,700 more than the previous year and more than the 2012/2013 and 2013/14 years, combined. Around 61 per cent more dwelling consented were issued in 2018/2019 compared to 2012/2013.

Reporting Year​Dwellings Consented
​2012/2013 ​5,501
​2013/2014 ​7,078
​2014/2015 ​8,365
​2015/2016 ​9,373
​2016/2017 ​10,121
2017/2018 ​12,369
​2018/2019 ​14,032
​Total66,839

 

Quality Compact approach

Auckland is taking a quality compact approach to growth and development. This means most growth will take place within the existing urban area; some growth will occur in identified future urban areas and limited growth will take place in rural areas.

In 2018/19, the number of dwelling consents issued across Auckland indicates that growth is following the quality compact approach.

Most growth is taking place in the existing urban area, some growth is occurring in identified future urban areas, and growth in rural areas has been limited.

​Local Boards

The highest number of dwelling consents issued were within the Papakura, Upper Harbour and Maungakiekie-Tāmaki local boards. The least number of dwelling consents were issued within the Great Barrier and Waiheke local boards.

With the exception of Waitemata, Hibiscus and Bays and Waiheke, all local boards had a higher number of dwelling consents issued in 2018/2019 than the average number of dwellings consented each year, over the last seven years.

 

​Local Board Area​Average no. of Dwellings Consented per annum (2012–2018)​Dwellings Consented 2018/2019
​Papakura
​567​1,368
Upper Harbour​983​1,298
Maungakiekie - Tāmaki​391​1,043
​Hibiscus and Bays​1082​986
​Henderson - Massey396​846
Rodney749​839
​Albert - Eden318​834
​Howick573​783
​Franklin​590774
​Waitematā875​641
Māngere - Ōtāhuhu199639
Whau316635
​Manurewa​276​615
Ōrākei379​581
Kaipātiki​247​454
​Devonport - Takapuna​189​439
Ōtara - Papatoetoe​247​432
​Waitākere Ranges​150​410
​Puketāpapa​212​355
Waiheke​58​54
Great Barrier​5​6
​Total​14,032

 

Dwelling typology

The housing preferences of Aucklanders, both location and typology, are diverse. The number of dwelling consents issued for more intensive housing, including apartments and townhouses etc., is increasing while dwelling consents for standalone houses remain relatively stable.

This suggests a strong shift toward more intensive housing types and a significant shift toward a more quality compact urban form as outlined in the strategy.

Around 52 per cent more apartments and townhouses etc. were consented in the 2018/2019 year compared with the 2015/2016 year. The number of houses consented only grew by around 17 per cent over the same period.


Dwellings Consented by Dwelling Type (Auckland Region), by reporting year (1 July - 30 June)

The pattern of consented activity within the existing urban area has become more focused in locations in and around centres and along major public transport corridors.

Dwellings Consented by type and size of consent (number of dwellings), Auckland urban area, 1 July 2018 - 30 June 2019

Local Boards 

The dwelling types being consented vary considerably across all local boards. Over 70 per cent of dwelling consents issued in Waitematā, Albert-Eden and Maungakiekie-Tāmaki local boards were for more intensive housing including apartments or townhouses etc. More than 80 per cent of dwelling consents issued in Howick, Franklin, Rodney, Waiheke and Great Barrier local boards were for houses.

Dwellings consented by dwelling type, by Local Board, 1 July 2018 - 30 June 2019

Residential supply (Code of Compliance Certificates - CCCs)

What are CCCs?

Dwelling consents represent an intention to build, not a completed dwelling, a code compliance certificate is issued for completed dwellings.

The time between a building consent being issued and a code compliance certificate being issued will vary depending on scale and complexity of the building.

A code compliance certificate is issued under section 95 of the Building Act 2004, that building work carried out under a building consent complies with that building consent.

There is no mandatory requirement to obtain a CCC, however, insurers, mortgage lenders and other parties are becoming stricter on those undertaking building work to ensure they obtain a CCC. Buildings are deemed suitable to occupy once a CCC is issued.

In the first year of the Development Strategy, 10,080 dwellings were issued with a CCC. The vast majority were issued in the urban area. The proportion of dwellings issued with a CCC in the urban area and future urban areas supports the quality compact approach.

Dwellings completed by urban/future urban/rural, 1 July 2018 – 30 June 2019

Local Boards

Upper Harbour and Hibiscus and Bays local boards had the highest number of CCCs issued in 2018/2019. The least number of CCCs were issued in Great Barrier and Waiheke local boards.

Overall, the local boards on the fringe of the region had a higher number of CCCs issued relative to more central local boards. Some of these dwellings may have been consented prior to the adoption of the Development Strategy.

Therefore, it is too soon to understand if the location of CCCs supports the implementation of the Development Strategy.

New dwellings completed by local board area, 1 July 2018 - 30 June 2019

​Growth and development

The Development Strategy identifies where significant growth and development is anticipated to occur over the next 30 years.

 The quality compact approach and multi-nodal model forms the foundation for growth across Auckland.

Most growth is anticipated within the existing urban area, some growth occurs in future urban areas, and growth in rural areas is limited. The following sections report on the number of dwellings consented in the: