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Auckland Council The Auckland Plan

Development Strategy progress

This is the second monitoring report on the Auckland Plan 2050 Development Strategy. This report monitors building consents and code of compliance certificates issued for residential dwellings across Auckland. This reporting year covers the period 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020.
The findings show that in the two years since the Development Strategy was adopted, the pattern of growth and development activity is beginning to deliver a more quality compact city.
While growth has been widespread across Auckland’s urban areas, development activity has increased the most in nodes and development areas, and growth in rural areas has been limited. Across the region, a large proportion of dwellings consented are more intensive housing including apartments and townhouses etc. particularly in nodes and development areas.
Auckland is changing; our city is now growing up instead of just out, the number and location of dwelling consents and completions in 2019/2020 broadly follows the implementation of the quality compact approach and the multi-nodal model in the Development Strategy. The vision of a quality, compact future Auckland is gradually becoming reality.

Some key findings from this monitoring report are:

  • 60,670 dwellings were consented in Auckland between 2015/2016 and 2019/2020
  • 14,776 dwellings were consented in 2019/2020
  • 82 per cent of dwellings consented in 2019/2020 were in the existing urban area. Of dwellings consented within the existing urban area
  • 11 per cent were in urban nodes
  • 35 per cent were in development areas
  • 54 per cent were in the remaining existing urban area
  • 11 per cent were in future urban areas
  • 7 per cent were in the rural area
  • dwelling consents for apartments and townhouses etc. are increasing at a faster rate than consents for standalone houses
  • around 85 per cent of dwellings consented in urban nodes, and 69 per cent in development
  • areas, were apartments and townhouses etc.

10,778 dwellings were completed with a Code of Compliance Certificate in 2019/2020
over 450,000 square metres (sqm) of business floor space was consented in 2019/2020
most business floor space consented was in light industry zoned areas and the City Centre
of the nodes, the City Centre node had the greatest amount of business floor space consented.

As this is only the second monitoring report on a 30-year strategy, future monitoring and reporting will provide a more comprehensive understanding of ongoing trends and implementation of the Development Strategy.

Consented dwellings

The Development Strategy anticipates that up to 320,000 additional residential dwellings could be required over the next 30 years. This equates to over 10,000 dwellings a year.

In the second year of implementing the Development Strategy, 14,776 residential dwellings were consented in Auckland, an increase of 744 on the previous reporting year.

In the past 5 years, over 60,000 dwellings have been consented in the Auckland region. An approved dwelling consent represents an intention to build, not a completed dwelling.

Dwellings consented in the Auckland Region, by reporting year (1 July-30 June)

Reporting Year​Dwellings Consented
2015/2016 9,373
2016/2017​10,121
​2017/2018​12,368
2018/2019 14,032
2019/202014,776
​Total60,670

 

Quality Compact approach

Auckland is taking a quality compact approach to growth and development. This means most growth will take place within the existing urban area; some growth will occur in identified future urban areas and growth in rural areas will be limited.

In 2019/2020, the location of dwellings consented across Auckland indicates that growth is following the quality compact approach. Most growth is taking place in the existing urban area, some growth is occurring in identified future urban areas, and there is limited growth in rural areas.

​Local Boards

 The local board areas with the highest number of dwellings consented in 2019/2020 were Howick, Papakura and Henderson-Massey. Great Barrier and Waiheke local board areas had the least number of dwellings consented.

Compared with the previous year, Howick, Waitematā and Henderson-Massey experienced the greatest increases in the number of dwellings consented. Upper Harbour, Maungakiekie-Tāmaki, Albert-Eden and Ōrākei experienced the greatest decreases.

​Local Board Area​Dwellings Consented 2018/2019​Dwellings Consented 2019/2020
​Papakura
1,3681,300
Upper Harbour1,2981,036
Maungakiekie - Tāmaki1,043788
​Hibiscus and Bays986996
​Henderson - Massey8461,290
Rodney839​892
​Albert - Eden834 581
​Howick7831,306
​Franklin774879
​Waitematā6411,090 
Māngere - Ōtāhuhu639554
Whau635642
​Manurewa​​615609
Ōrākei​581355
Kaipātiki​​454355
​Devonport - Takapuna ​439387
Ōtara - Papatoetoe432544 
​Waitākere Ranges​410​436
​Puketāpapa​355​486
Waiheke54​41
Great Barrier​6​9
​Total14,776

 

Dwelling typology

The housing preferences of Aucklanders are diverse, both location and typology. The number of dwellings consented for more intensive housing, including apartments and townhouses etc. is increasing while the number of houses consented remains relatively stable.

The consistent increase in more intensive housing types indicates that Auckland is steadily moving toward a more quality compact urban form and delivering a greater range of housing types than in the past.

The number of apartments and townhouses etc. consented in the 2019/2020 year has increased by 134 per cent compared with the 2015/2016 year. In contrast, over the same period, the number of houses consented increased by 20.5 per cent.

Between 2018/2019 and 2019/2020 the proportion of apartments decreased whereas the proportion of townhouses etc. increased.


Dwellings Consented by Dwelling Type (Auckland Region), by reporting year (1 July - 30 June)

The map shows that consenting activity is widespread across the urban area. However, some locations feature more prominently than in previous years, namely; Papatoetoe/Middlemore, Manurewa and parts of West Auckland (Te Atatu, Sunnyvale, Kelston and Avondale). Some greenfield areas also feature prominently; Whenuapai, Wainui and Belmont (Pukekohe).

Dwellings Consented by type and size of consent (number of dwellings), Auckland urban area, 1 July 2018 - 30 June 2019

Local Boards 

The dwelling types being consented vary considerably across all local boards reflecting their different characters. For example, 98 per cent of dwellings consented in the Waitematā local board area in the 2019/2020 year were for more intensive housing types, including apartments and townhouses etc, compared with 13 per cent in Rodney.

With the exception of Ōrākei, Puketāpapa and Papakura, all central and south local board areas had between 60 to 70 percent of consented dwellings in the intensive (apartments and townhouses etc.) typologies. Conversely, more than 70 per cent of dwellings consented in the Hibiscus and Bays, Franklin, Rodney, Waiheke and Great Barrier local board areas were houses and retirement village units.

Dwellings consented by dwelling type, by Local Board, 1 July 2018 - 30 June 2019

Residential supply (Code of Compliance Certificates - CCCs)

What are CCCs?

A dwelling consent represents an intention to build, it is not a completed dwelling. A code compliance certificate (CCC) is issued for completed dwellings. A CCC is issued under section 95 of the Building Act 2004 and ensures building work carried out under an approved building consent complies with that building consent. Buildings are deemed suitable to occupy once a CCC has been issued.
There is no legal requirement to obtain a CCC, however, insurers, mortgage lenders and other parties are becoming stricter on those undertaking building work to ensure they obtain a CCC. This means CCCs are becoming a more reliable indicator of actual dwelling completions.
The time between a building consent being issued and a CCC being issued will vary depending on the scale and complexity of the building.
In the second year of implementing the Development Strategy, 10,778 dwellings were issued with a CCC. This is an increase on the 10,080 dwellings issued with a CCC the previous year.

A code compliance certificate is issued under section 95 of the Building Act 2004, that building work carried out under a building consent complies with that building consent.

There is no mandatory requirement to obtain a CCC, however, insurers, mortgage lenders and other parties are becoming stricter on those undertaking building work to ensure they obtain a CCC. Buildings are deemed suitable to occupy once a CCC is issued.

In the first year of the Development Strategy, 10,080 dwellings were issued with a CCC. The vast majority were issued in the urban area. The proportion of dwellings issued with a CCC in the urban area and future urban areas supports the quality compact approach.

Dwellings completed by urban/future urban/rural, 1 July 2018 – 30 June 2019

Local Boards

Waitematā and Papakura local boards had the highest number of CCCs issued in 2019/2020, closely followed by Upper Harbour and Hibiscus and Bays. The least number of CCCs were issued in Great Barrier and Waiheke local boards.  

 

New dwellings completed by local board area, 1 July 2018 - 30 June 2019

​Growth and development

The Development Strategy identifies where significant growth and development is anticipated to occur over the next 30 years.

 The quality compact approach and multi-nodal model forms the foundation for growth across Auckland.

Most growth is anticipated within the existing urban area, some growth occurs in future urban areas, and growth in rural areas is limited. The following sections report on the number of dwellings consented in the: