Māori living in
Tāmaki Makaurau are both
mana whenua and
Mana whenua are the
19 iwi (tribes) or hapū (sub-tribes) with territorial affiliations to the Tāmaki Makaurau area that are recognised by Auckland Council:
- Ngāti Wai
- Ngāti Manuhiri
- Ngāti Rehua Ngāti Wai ki Aotea
- Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Whātua
- Te Uri o Hau
- Ngāti Whātua o Kaipara
- Ngāti Whātua Ōrākei
- Te Kawerau ā Maki
- Ngāti Tamaoho
- Te Ākitai Waiohua
- Ngāi Tai ki Tāmaki
- Ngāti Te Ata Waiohua
- Te Ahiwaru Waiohua
- Ngāti Paoa
- Ngāti Whanaunga
- Ngāti Maru
- Ngāti Tamaterā
- Te Patukirikiri.
These groups have specific rights and responsibilities in relation to natural resources within Tāmaki Makaurau.
In addition there are Māori from other tribes and their descendants who migrated to Tāmaki Makaurau from other parts of the country, referred to as mataawaka.
The migration of Māori populations to urban centres increased after World War II because government policies encouraged Māori to join the urban labour force to contribute to industry (Ryks, Pearson & Waa, 2016).
Māori population numbers
More Māori live in Tāmaki Makaurau than in any other region in Aotearoa.
At the 2013 Census:
- 163,920 people in Tāmaki Makaurau identified as being of Māori descent. This is 25 per cent of all Māori in Aotearoa, or 12 per cent of the population of Tāmaki Makaurau.
- 142,770 identified as being of Māori ethnicity. This is 24 per cent of all Māori in Aotearoa, or 11 per cent of the population of Tāmaki Makaurau.
- 81.6 per cent of Māori in Tāmaki Makaurau affiliated to at least one iwi in Aotearoa, as shown in the table below.
Selected iwi affiliation counts and proportions for Tāmaki Makaurau and Aotearoa, 2013 [note 1]
|Tāmaki Makaurau iwi|
|Ngāti Maru (Marutūahu)||1227||3768||32.6|
|Ngāi Tai (Hauraki)||312||498||62.7|
|Ngāti Wai ||1902||5667||33.6|
|Ngāti Whanaunga ||294 ||624||47.1|
|Tāmaki Makaurau (top ten other iwi affiliations) [note 2]|||||||
|Ngāti Kahungunu [note 3]||7812||61,629||12.7|
|Ngāi Tahu / Kāi Tahu||6600||54,819||12.0|
|Te Arawa [note 4]||8739||43,374||20.1|
|Te Hiku [note 5]||6336||14,562||43.5|
Data source: Adapted from The Māori Report for Tāmaki Makaurau 2016 prepared by the Independent Māori Statutory Board (original data Statistics New Zealand, 2013 Census of Population and Dwellings)
- The Tāmaki Makaurau iwi included in this table are those that are identified by Auckland Council and for which Census data currently exists.
- Listed according to geographic location from north to south.
- Consists of Te Aupōuri, Ngāti Kurī, Ngāti Takoto
- Consists of Ngāti Pikiao (Te Arawa), Ngāti Rangiteaorere (Te Arawa), Ngāti Rangitihi (Te Arawa), Ngāti Rangiwewehi (Te Arawa), Tapuika (Te Arawa), Tarāwhai (Te Arawa), Tūhourangi (Te Arawa), Uenuku-Kōpako (Te Arawa), Waitaha (Te Arawa), Ngāti Whakaue (Te Arawa), Ngāti Tahu-Ngāti Whaoa (Te Arawa), and Te Arawa.
- Consists of Ngāti Kahungunu ki Te Wairoa, Ngāti Kahungunu ki Heretaunga, Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa, Ngāti Kahungunu region unspecified, Ngāti Kahungunu ki Whanganui-a-Orotu, Ngāti Kahungunu ki Tamatea, Ngāti Kahungunu ki Tamakinui a Rua, Ngāti Pāhauwera, and Ngāti Rākaipaaka.
Between 2006 and 2013, the number of people of Māori descent living in Tāmaki Makaurau increased by 4092, or 3 per cent.
However, this growth was not as great as in the five years from 2001 to 2006, where the group increased by 10,635 or 7 per cent.
This follows the national pattern of slowing growth for the Māori population.