Māori living in
Tāmaki Makaurau are mana whenua or mataawaka.
Mana whenua are represented by the 19 iwi (tribes) or hapū (sub-tribes)
with territorial affiliations to the Tāmaki Makaurau area that are recognised by Auckland Council.
- Ngāti Wai
- Ngāti Manuhiri
- Ngāti Rehua Ngāti Wai ki Aotea
- Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Whātua
- Te Uri o Hau
- Ngāti Whātua o Kaipara
- Ngāti Whātua Ōrākei
- Te Kawerau ā Maki
- Ngāti Tamaoho
- Te Ākitai Waiohua
- Ngāi Tai ki Tāmaki
- Ngāti Te Ata Waiohua
- Te Ahiwaru Waiohua
- Ngāti Paoa
- Ngāti Whanaunga
- Ngāti Maru
- Ngāti Tamaterā
- Te Patukirikiri.
These groups have specific rights and responsibilities in relation to natural resources within Tāmaki Makaurau.
In addition there are Māori from other tribes and their descendants who migrated to Tāmaki Makaurau from other parts of the country, and Māori who have no connection to their hapū and iwi referred to as mataawaka.
The migration of Māori populations to urban centres increased after World War II because government policies encouraged Māori to join the urban labour force to contribute to industry (Ryks, Pearson & Waa, 2016).
Māori population numbers
More Māori live in Tāmaki Makaurau than in any other region in Aotearoa.
At the 2013 Census:
- 81.6 per cent of Māori in Tāmaki Makaurau affiliated to at least one iwi in Aotearoa, as shown in the table below.
At the 2018 census [note 1, note 2]:
- 207,183 people in Tāmaki Makaurau identified as being of Māori descent. This is 24 per cent of all Māori in Aotearoa, or 13 per cent of the population of Tāmaki Makaurau.
- 181,194 identified as being of Māori ethnicity. This is 23 per cent of all Māori in Aotearoa, or 12 per cent of the population of Tāmaki Makaurau.
- Auckland has the highest median house price in the country.
- The Māori descent population in Tāmaki Makaurau is youthful. In 2018, over half of the population (49 per cent) was younger than 25, and a third (31 per cent) were children under 15 years of age.
- Just over 5 per cent of the population were aged 65 years or older.
- The median age of Māori in Tāmaki Makaurau increased from 22.3 years in 2001 to 24.9 years in 2018.
- This compares to the Tāmaki Makaurau population overall which increased from 33.3 years to 34.7 years respectively.
Selected iwi affiliation counts and proportions for Tāmaki Makaurau and Aotearoa, 2013 [note 3, note 8]
|Tāmaki Makaurau iwi|
|Ngāti Maru (Marutūahu)||1227||3768||32.6|
|Ngāi Tai (Hauraki)||312||498||62.7|
|Ngāti Wai ||1902||5667||33.6|
|Ngāti Whanaunga ||294 ||624||47.1|
|Tāmaki Makaurau (top ten other iwi affiliations) [note 2]|||||||
|Ngāti Kahungunu [note 3]||7812||61,629||12.7|
|Ngāi Tahu / Kāi Tahu||6600||54,819||12.0|
|Te Arawa [note 4]||8739||43,374||20.1|
|Te Hiku [note 5]||6336||14,562||43.5|
1. Māori are counted in two ways in the New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings: through ethnicity (cultural affiliation) and through Māori descent (ancestry). Unless otherwise specified all data is from Stats NZ, Census of Population and Dwellings 2013 by descent.
2. The methodology used to determine Māori descent has meant that the 2018 figures are not directly comparable to previous Census results. There are now more people recorded as being of Māori descent, particularly in Tāmaki Makaurau and for those 20-30 years of age.
3. The Tāmaki Makaurau iwi included in this table are those that are identified by Auckland Council and for which Census data currently exists.
4. Listed according to geographic location from north to south.
5. Consists of Te Aupōuri, Ngāti Kurī, Ngāti Takoto
6. Consists of Ngāti Pikiao (Te Arawa), Ngāti Rangiteaorere (Te Arawa), Ngāti Rangitihi (Te Arawa), Ngāti Rangiwewehi (Te Arawa), Tapuika (Te Arawa), Tarāwhai (Te Arawa), Tūhourangi (Te Arawa), Uenuku-Kōpako (Te Arawa), Waitaha (Te Arawa), Ngāti Whakaue (Te Arawa), Ngāti Tahu-Ngāti Whaoa (Te Arawa), and Te Arawa.
7. Consists of Ngāti Kahungunu ki Te Wairoa, Ngāti Kahungunu ki Heretaunga, Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa, Ngāti Kahungunu region unspecified, Ngāti Kahungunu ki Whanganui-a-Orotu, Ngāti Kahungunu ki Tamatea, Ngāti Kahungunu ki Tamakinui a Rua, Ngāti Pāhauwera, and Ngāti Rākaipaaka.
8. 2018 Iwi affiliation data will not be released due to Census 2018 response rates
Between 2006 and 2013, the number of people of Māori descent living in Tāmaki Makaurau increased by 4092, or 3 per cent.
However, this growth was not as great as in the five years from 2001 to 2006, where the group increased by 10,635 or 7 per cent.
This follows the national pattern of slowing growth for the Māori population.