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Driveways and access standards

Ngā Tikanga takoto mō ngā ara tomo me ngā wāhi urunga

Site access design for vehicles

It is important that all sites have vehicle access for everyday use and in emergency situations.

The design of the driveway depends on how many sites need access to the road.

Key criteria for designing vehicle access

The key criteria is that the total width and other dimensions comply with the standards.


Design criteria 1 site 2-5 sites 6-10 sites
Minimum legal width 3.0m 3.5m 6.5m
Minimum formed width 2.5m 3.0m 5.5m
Minimum service strip 0.5m 0.5m 1.0m
Maximum length 50m 50m 100m
Maximum gradient 1 in 4 1 in 5 1 in 5
Minimum vertical clearance from buildings or structures 3.8m 3.8m 3.8m
Minimum inside turning radius for bends 6.5m 6.5m 6.5m

You should know

The design, length, number of sites serviced, and construction materials used for the access will vary on soil conditions and an engineer's assessment.

Requirements for long access strips

For access strips greater than 50m in length, speed management measures should be considered.

Access to rear sites

You can access up to 10 rear sites with an access strip, right-of-way easement, or driveway.

If you have a rear site that does not have direct access to a formed legal road, then a driveway will need to be constructed.

This driveway will need to provide:

  • an entrance strip forming part of the site
  • a jointly-owned access lot
  • a rights-of-way easement over adjoining land
  • a combination of these mechanisms.

Pedestrian access

If your access strip is serving six or more rear sites it must also provide separate pedestrian access, which may be located within the formed driveway.

The pedestrian access must meet all of the following:

  • have a minimum width of 1m (can include the service strip)
  • be distinguished from the vehicle carriageway through the use of a raised curb or different surface treatment.

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